contactin associated protein-like 2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the neurexin family which functions in the vertebrate nervous system as cell adhesion molecules and receptors. This protein, like other neurexin proteins, contains epidermal growth factor repeats and laminin G domains. In addition, it includes an F5/8 type C domain, discoidin/neuropilin- and fibrinogen-like domains, thrombospondin N-terminal-like domains and a putative PDZ binding site. This protein is localized at the juxtaparanodes of myelinated axons, and mediates interactions between neurons and glia during nervous system development and is also involved in localization of potassium channels within differentiating axons. This gene encompasses almost 1.5% of chromosome 7 and is one of the largest genes in the human genome. It is directly bound and regulated by forkhead box protein P2 (FOXP2), a transcription factor related to speech and language development. This gene has been implicated in multiple neurodevelopmental disorders, including Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, schizophrenia, epilepsy, autism, ADHD and mental retardation.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]
May play a role in the formation of functional distinct domains critical for saltatory conduction of nerve impulses in myelinated nerve fibers. Seems to demarcate the juxtaparanodal region of the axo-glial junction.
From NCBI Gene:
- Cortical dysplasia-focal epilepsy syndrome
- Autism 15
Cortical dysplasia-focal epilepsy syndrome (CDFES): A disease characterized by cortical dysplasia, focal epilepsy, relative macrocephaly, and diminished deep-tendon reflexes. Intractable focal seizures begin in early childhood, after which language regression, hyperactivity, impulsive and aggressive behavior, and mental retardation develop. [MIM:610042]
Autism 15 (AUTS15): A complex multifactorial, pervasive developmental disorder characterized by impairments in reciprocal social interaction and communication, restricted and stereotyped patterns of interests and activities, and the presence of developmental abnormalities by 3 years of age. Most individuals with autism also manifest moderate mental retardation. [MIM:612100]
A chromosomal aberration involving CNTNAP2 is found in a patient with autism spectrum disorder. Paracentric inversion 46,XY,inv(7)(q11.22;q35). The inversion breakpoints disrupt the genes AUTS2 and CNTNAP2.