contactin associated protein 2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the neurexin family which functions in the vertebrate nervous system as cell adhesion molecules and receptors. This protein, like other neurexin proteins, contains epidermal growth factor repeats and laminin G domains. In addition, it includes an F5/8 type C domain, discoidin/neuropilin- and fibrinogen-like domains, thrombospondin N-terminal-like domains and a putative PDZ binding site. This protein is localized at the juxtaparanodes of myelinated axons, and mediates interactions between neurons and glia during nervous system development and is also involved in localization of potassium channels within differentiating axons. This gene encompasses almost 1.5% of chromosome 7 and is one of the largest genes in the human genome. It is directly bound and regulated by forkhead box protein P2, a transcription factor related to speech and language development. This gene has been implicated in multiple neurodevelopmental disorders, including Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, schizophrenia, epilepsy, autism, ADHD and intellectual disability. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2017]
Required, with CNTNAP1, for radial and longitudinal organization of myelinated axons. Plays a role in the formation of functional distinct domains critical for saltatory conduction of nerve impulses in myelinated nerve fibers. Demarcates the juxtaparanodal region of the axo-glial junction.
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Pitt-Hopkins-like syndrome 1
- Autism 15
Autism 15 (AUTS15): A complex multifactorial, pervasive developmental disorder characterized by impairments in reciprocal social interaction and communication, restricted and stereotyped patterns of interests and activities, and the presence of developmental abnormalities by 3 years of age. Most individuals with autism also manifest moderate mental retardation. [MIM:612100]
A chromosomal aberration involving CNTNAP2 is found in a patient with autism spectrum disorder. Paracentric inversion 46,XY,inv(7)(q11.22;q35). The inversion breakpoints disrupt the genes AUTS2 and CNTNAP2.
Pitt-Hopkins-like syndrome 1 (PTHSL1): A syndrome characterized by severe mental retardation and variable additional symptoms, such as impaired speech development, seizures, autistic behavior, breathing anomalies and a broad mouth, resembling Pitt-Hopkins syndrome. In contrast to patients with Pitt-Hopkins syndrome, PTHSL1 patients present with normal or only mildly to moderately delayed motor milestones. [MIM:610042]