contactin associated protein 1
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The gene product was initially identified as a 190-kD protein associated with the contactin-PTPRZ1 complex. The 1,384-amino acid protein, also designated p190 or CASPR for 'contactin-associated protein,' includes an extracellular domain with several putative protein-protein interaction domains, a putative transmembrane domain, and a 74-amino acid cytoplasmic domain. Northern blot analysis showed that the gene is transcribed predominantly in brain as a transcript of 6.2 kb, with weak expression in several other tissues tested. The architecture of its extracellular domain is similar to that of neurexins, and this protein may be the signaling subunit of contactin, enabling recruitment and activation of intracellular signaling pathways in neurons. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2009]
Required, with CNTNAP2, for radial and longitudinal organization of myelinated axons. Plays a role in the formation of functional distinct domains critical for saltatory conduction of nerve impulses in myelinated nerve fibers. Demarcates the paranodal region of the axo-glial junction. In association with contactin involved in the signaling between axons and myelinating glial cells.
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy 3
- Lethal congenital contracture syndrome 7
Lethal congenital contracture syndrome 7 (LCCS7): A form of lethal congenital contracture syndrome, an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by degeneration of anterior horn neurons, extreme skeletal muscle atrophy and congenital non-progressive joint contractures. The contractures can involve the upper or lower limbs and/or the vertebral column, leading to various degrees of flexion or extension limitations evident at birth. LCCS7 is a severe axoglial disease characterized by congenital distal joint contractures, polyhydramnios, reduced fetal movements, and motor paralysis leading to death early in the neonatal period. [MIM:616286]
Neuropathy, congenital hypomyelinating, 3 (CHN3): A form of congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy, a neurologic disorder characterized by early-onset hypotonia, areflexia, distal muscle weakness, and very slow nerve conduction velocities (NCV) resulting from improper myelination of axons. In its extreme form, it may present with severe joint contractures or arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and respiratory insufficiency. In less severe cases patients may achieve walking. Patients lack both active myelin breakdown and well-organized onion bulbs on sural nerve biopsies, have absence of inflammation, and show hypomyelination of most or all fibers. CHN3 is a severe autosomal recessive form characterized by onset of neurogenic muscle impairment in utero. Affected individuals have profoundly impaired psychomotor development and may die in infancy or early childhood. [MIM:618186]