coiled-coil domain containing 88C
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a ubiquitously expressed coiled-coil domain-containing protein that interacts with the dishevelled protein and is a negative regulator of the Wnt signalling pathway. The protein encoded by this gene has a PDZ-domain binding motif in its C-terminus with which it interacts with the dishevelled protein. Dishevelled is a scaffold protein involved in the regulation of the Wnt signaling pathway. The Wnt signaling pathway plays an important role in embryonic development, tissue maintenance, and cancer progression. Mutations in this gene cause autosomal recessive, primary non-syndromic congenital hydrocephalus; a condition characterized by excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2013]
Required for activation of guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins) during non-canonical Wnt signaling (PubMed:26126266). Binds to ligand-activated Wnt receptor FZD7, displacing DVL1 from the FZD7 receptor and leading to inhibition of canonical Wnt signaling (PubMed:26126266). Acts as a non-receptor guanine nucleotide exchange factor by also binding to guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(i) alpha (Gi-alpha) subunits, leading to their activation (PubMed:26126266). Binding to Gi-alpha subunits displaces the beta and gamma subunits from the heterotrimeric G-protein complex, triggering non-canonical Wnt responses such as activation of RAC1 and PI3K-AKT signaling (PubMed:26126266). Promotes apical constriction of cells via ARHGEF18 (PubMed:30948426).
From NCBI Gene:
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 40
- Congenital hydrocephalus 1
Hydrocephalus, congenital, 1 (HYC1): A form of congenital hydrocephalus, a disease characterized by onset in utero of enlarged ventricles due to accumulation of ventricular cerebrospinal fluid. Affected individuals may have neurologic impairment. HYC1 inheritance is autosomal recessive. [MIM:236600]
Spinocerebellar ataxia 40 (SCA40): A form of spinocerebellar ataxia, a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of cerebellar disorders. Patients show progressive incoordination of gait and often poor coordination of hands, speech and eye movements, due to degeneration of the cerebellum with variable involvement of the brainstem and spinal cord. SCA40 is an autosomal dominant, slowly progressive form. Brain MRI shows pontocerebellar atrophy along with a global reduction in brain volume. [MIM:616053]