capping protein regulator and myosin 1 linker 2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the CARMIL (capping protein, Arp2/3, myosin-I linker) family of proteins. The encoded protein interacts with and negatively regulates the heterodimeric capping protein and promotes cell migration. Reduced expression of this gene has been observed in human psoriasis patients. Mutations in this gene cause a human immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by smooth muscle tumors and impaired T-cell function. [provided by RefSeq, May 2017]
Cell membrane-cytoskeleton-associated protein that plays a role in the regulation of actin polymerization at the barbed end of actin filaments. Prevents F-actin heterodimeric capping protein (CP) activity at the leading edges of migrating cells, and hence generates uncapped barbed ends and enhances actin polymerization (PubMed:26466680). Plays a role in cell protrusion formations; involved in cell polarity, lamellipodial assembly, membrane ruffling and macropinosome formations (PubMed:19846667, PubMed:26578515, PubMed:26466680). Involved as well in cell migration and invadopodia formation during wound healing (PubMed:19846667, PubMed:26578515, PubMed:26466680). Required for CD28-mediated stimulation of NF-kappa-B signaling, involved in naive T cells activation, maturation into T memory cells, and differentiation into T helper and T regulatory cells (PubMed:27647349, PubMed:27647348, PubMed:28112205).
From NCBI Gene:
- Severe combined immunodeficiency due to CARMIL2 deficiency
Immunodeficiency 58 (IMD58): An autosomal recessive primary immunodeficiency characterized by a variety of infectious diseases, including mycobacterial diseases, mucocutaneous candidiasis, silent but detectable EBV viremia, and staphylococcal diseases. Patients suffer from dermatitis, esophagitis, recurrent skin abscesses and chest infections. Immunologic analysis shows defective T-cell function and deficient CD3/CD28 stimulation responses in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. B-cell function may also be impaired. [MIM:618131]