CAD gene

carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 2, aspartate transcarbamylase, and dihydroorotase

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

The de novo synthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides is required for mammalian cells to proliferate. This gene encodes a trifunctional protein which is associated with the enzymatic activities of the first 3 enzymes in the 6-step pathway of pyrimidine biosynthesis: carbamoylphosphate synthetase (CPS II), aspartate transcarbamoylase, and dihydroorotase. This protein is regulated by the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade, which indicates a direct link between activation of the MAPK cascade and de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2015]

From UniProt:

This protein is a "fusion" protein encoding four enzymatic activities of the pyrimidine pathway (GATase, CPSase, ATCase and DHOase).

From NCBI Gene:

  • Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 50

From UniProt:

Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 50 (EIEE50): A form of epileptic encephalopathy, a heterogeneous group of severe childhood onset epilepsies characterized by refractory seizures, neurodevelopmental impairment, and poor prognosis. Development is normal prior to seizure onset, after which cognitive and motor delays become apparent. EIEE50 is an autosomal recessive, progressive disease with onset in infancy and favorable response to treatment with oral uridine. [MIM:616457]

Cytogenetic Location: 2p23.3, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 2 at position 23.3

Molecular Location: base pairs 27,217,257 to 27,243,792 on chromosome 2 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 2p23.3, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 2 at position 23.3
  • CDG1Z
  • EIEE50
  • GATD4