calcium voltage-gated channel auxiliary subunit alpha2delta 2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
Calcium channels mediate the entry of calcium ions into the cell upon membrane polarization. This gene encodes the alpha-2/delta subunit of the voltage-dependent calcium channel complex. The complex consists of the main channel-forming subunit alpha-1, and auxiliary subunits alpha-2/delta, beta, and gamma. The auxiliary subunits function in the assembly and membrane localization of the complex, and modulate calcium currents and channel activation/inactivation kinetics. The subunit encoded by this gene undergoes post-translational cleavage to yield the extracellular alpha2 peptide and a membrane-anchored delta polypeptide. This subunit is a receptor for the antiepileptic drug, gabapentin. Mutations in this gene are associated with early infantile epileptic encephalopathy. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in this gene are correlated with increased sensitivity to opioid drugs. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]
The alpha-2/delta subunit of voltage-dependent calcium channels regulates calcium current density and activation/inactivation kinetics of the calcium channel. Acts as a regulatory subunit for P/Q-type calcium channel (CACNA1A), N-type (CACNA1B), L-type (CACNA1C OR CACNA1D) and possibly T-type (CACNA1G) (PubMed:15111129, PubMed:23339110). Overexpression induces apoptosis.
From NCBI Gene:
- CEREBELLAR ATROPHY WITH SEIZURES AND VARIABLE DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY
Cerebellar atrophy with seizures and variable developmental delay (CASVDD): An autosomal recessive neurologic disorder characterized by cerebellar ataxia, atrophy of the cerebellar vermis, severe refractory seizures with early onset, and global developmental delay compatible with epileptic encephalopathy in most patients. Disease severity is variable and normal cognitive development has also been reported. [MIM:618501]