calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha1 B
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is the pore-forming subunit of an N-type voltage-dependent calcium channel, which controls neurotransmitter release from neurons. The encoded protein forms a complex with alpha-2, beta, and delta subunits to form the high-voltage activated channel. This channel is sensitive to omega-conotoxin-GVIA and omega-agatoxin-IIIA but insensitive to dihydropyridines. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]
Voltage-sensitive calcium channels (VSCC) mediate the entry of calcium ions into excitable cells and are also involved in a variety of calcium-dependent processes, including muscle contraction, hormone or neurotransmitter release, gene expression, cell motility, cell division and cell death. The isoform alpha-1B gives rise to N-type calcium currents. N-type calcium channels belong to the 'high-voltage activated' (HVA) group and are specifically blocked by omega-conotoxin-GVIA (AC P01522) (AC P01522) (By similarity). They are however insensitive to dihydropyridines (DHP). Calcium channels containing alpha-1B subunit may play a role in directed migration of immature neurons.
From NCBI Gene:
- NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER WITH SEIZURES AND NONEPILEPTIC HYPERKINETIC MOVEMENTS
Neurodevelopmental disorder with seizures and non-epileptic hyperkinetic movements (NEDNEH): An autosomal recessive, complex and progressive neurologic disorder characterized by severe neurodevelopmental delay and developmental regression, epileptic encephalopathy, postnatal microcephaly, hypotonia, and non-epileptic hyperkinetic movement disorder, including myoclonus dystonia, choreoathetosis, or generalized dyskinesia. Disease onset in infancy or first years of life. [MIM:618497]