chromosome 21 open reading frame 2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
Four alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding four different isoforms have been found for this nuclear gene. All isoforms contain leucine-rich repeats. Three of these isoforms are mitochondrial proteins and one of them lacks the target peptide, so is not located in mitochondrion. This gene is down-regulated in Down syndrome (DS) brain, which may represent mitochondrial dysfunction in DS patients. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2012]
Plays a role in cilia formation and/or maintenance (By similarity). Plays a role in the regulation of cell morphology and cytoskeletal organization (PubMed:21834987). Involved in DNA damage repair (PubMed:26290490).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- RETINAL DYSTROPHY WITH OR WITHOUT MACULAR STAPHYLOMA
- Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia axial
Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, axial (SMDAX): A form of spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, a group of short stature disorders distinguished by abnormalities in the vertebrae and the metaphyses of the tubular bones. SMDAX is characterized by metaphyseal changes of truncal-juxtatruncal bones, including the proximal femora. Main clinical features are postnatal growth failure, rhizomelic short stature in early childhood evolving into short trunk in late childhood, and thoracic hypoplasia that may cause mild to moderate respiratory problems in the neonatal period and later susceptibility to airway infection. Impaired visual acuity comes to medical attention in early life and function rapidly deteriorates. Retinal changes are diagnosed as retinitis pigmentosa or pigmentary retinal degeneration on fundoscopic examination and cone-rod dystrophy on electroretinogram. The radiological hallmarks include short ribs with flared, cupped anterior ends, mild spondylar dysplasia, lacy iliac crests, and metaphyseal irregularities essentially confined to the proximal femora. [MIM:602271]
Retinal dystrophy with or without macular staphyloma (RDMS): An ocular disorder characterized by decreased vision which worsen over time, and dystrophic changes in the retina, such as retinal pigment epithelium mottling and vessel narrowing. Macular staphyloma, without high myopia, is present in some patients. [MIM:617547]