blood vessel epicardial substance
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the POP family of proteins containing three putative transmembrane domains. This gene is expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle and may play an important role in development of these tissues. The mouse ortholog may be involved in the regeneration of adult skeletal muscle and may act as a cell adhesion molecule in coronary vasculogenesis. Three transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]
Cell adhesion molecule involved in the establishment and/or maintenance of cell integrity. Involved in the formation and regulation of the tight junction (TJ) paracellular permeability barrier in epithelial cells (PubMed:16188940). Plays a role in VAMP3-mediated vesicular transport and recycling of different receptor molecules through its interaction with VAMP3. Plays a role in the regulation of cell shape and movement by modulating the Rho-family GTPase activity through its interaction with ARHGEF25/GEFT. Induces primordial adhesive contact and aggregation of epithelial cells in a Ca(2+)-independent manner. Also involved in striated muscle regeneration and repair and in the regulation of cell spreading (By similarity). Important for the maintenance of cardiac function. Plays a regulatory function in heart rate dynamics mediated, at least in part, through cAMP-binding and, probably, by increasing cell surface expression of the potassium channel KCNK2 and enhancing current density (PubMed:26642364). Is also a caveolae-associated protein important for the preservation of caveolae structural and functional integrity as well as for heart protection against ischemia injury.
From NCBI Gene:
- Muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 2X
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2X (LGMD2X): A form of autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, a degenerative myopathy characterized by slowly progressive wasting and weakness of the proximal muscles of arms and legs around the pelvic or shoulder girdles, elevated creatine kinase levels and dystrophic features on muscle biopsy. LGMD2X patients also develop cardiac arrhythmias resulting in syncopal episodes as young adults or later in life. [MIM:616812]