basigin (Ok blood group)
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene, basigin, is a plasma membrane protein that is important in spermatogenesis, embryo implantation, neural network formation, and tumor progression. Basigin is also a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily, ubiquitously expressed in various tissues. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2020]
(Microbial infection) Erythrocyte receptor for P.falciparum RH5 which is essential for erythrocyte invasion by the merozoite stage of P.falciparum isolates 3D7, Dd2, 7G8 and HB3 (PubMed:22080952, PubMed:26195724). Binding of P.falciparum RH5 results in BSG dimerization which triggers an increase in intracellular Ca(2+) in the erythrocyte (PubMed:28409866). This essential step leads to a rearrangement of the erythrocyte cytoskeleton required for the merozoite invasion (PubMed:28409866).
May induce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL6 in monocytes.
Plays an important role in targeting the monocarboxylate transporters SLC16A1, SLC16A3, SLC16A8, SLC16A11 and SLC16A12 to the plasma membrane (PubMed:21778275). Plays pivotal roles in spermatogenesis, embryo implantation, neural network formation and tumor progression. Stimulates adjacent fibroblasts to produce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPS). Seems to be a receptor for oligomannosidic glycans. In vitro, promotes outgrowth of astrocytic processes.