BCL10, immune signaling adaptor
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene was identified by its translocation in a case of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. The protein encoded by this gene contains a caspase recruitment domain (CARD), and has been shown to induce apoptosis and to activate NF-kappaB. This protein is reported to interact with other CARD domain containing proteins including CARD9, 10, 11 and 14, which are thought to function as upstream regulators in NF-kappaB signaling. This protein is found to form a complex with MALT1, a protein encoded by another gene known to be translocated in MALT lymphoma. MALT1 and this protein are thought to synergize in the activation of NF-kappaB, and the deregulation of either of them may contribute to the same pathogenetic process that leads to the malignancy. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2016]
Involved in adaptive immune response (PubMed:25365219). Promotes apoptosis, pro-caspase-9 maturation and activation of NF-kappa-B via NIK and IKK. May be an adapter protein between upstream TNFR1-TRADD-RIP complex and the downstream NIK-IKK-IKAP complex. Is a substrate for MALT1 (PubMed:18264101).
From NCBI Gene:
- Malignant tumor of testis
- Immunodeficiency 37
- Mesothelioma, malignant
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
- Gastric lymphoma
A chromosomal aberration involving BCL10 is recurrent in low-grade mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma). Translocation t(1;14)(p22;q32). Although the BCL10/IgH translocation leaves the coding region of BCL10 intact, frequent BCL10 mutations could be attributed to the Ig somatic hypermutation mechanism resulting in nucleotide transitions.
Immunodeficiency 37 (IMD37): A form of primary combined immunodeficiency, a group of disorders characterized by severe recurrent infections, with normal numbers or an absence of T and B lymphocytes, and impaired cellular and humoral immunity. IMD37 is characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia without lymphopenia, but with profoundly reduced memory B cells and memory T cells, and increased numbers of circulating naive lymphocytes. Inheritance is autosomal recessive. [MIM:616098]
Lymphoma, mucosa-associated lymphoid type (MALTOMA): A subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, originating in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. MALT lymphomas occur most commonly in the gastro-intestinal tract but have been described in a variety of extranodal sites including the ocular adnexa, salivary gland, thyroid, lung, thymus, and breast. Histologically, they are characterized by an infiltrate of small to medium-sized lymphocytes with abundant cytoplasm and irregularly shaped nuclei. Scattered transformed blasts (large cells) also are present. Non-malignant reactive follicles are observed frequently. A pivotal feature is the presence of lymphoepithelial lesions, with invasion and partial destruction of mucosal glands and crypts by aggregates of tumor cells. [MIM:137245]