ATPase phospholipid transporting 8A2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the P4 ATPase family of proteins, which are thought to be involved in a process called lipid flipping, whereby phospholipids are translocated inwards from the exoplasmic leaflet to the cytosolic leaflet of the cell membrane, which aids in generating and maintaining asymmetry in membrane lipids. This protein is predicted to contain an E1 E2 ATPase, a haloacid dehalogenase-like hydrolase (HAD) domain, and multiple transmembrane domains. Associations between this protein and cell cycle control protein 50A are important for translocation of phosphatidylserine across membranes. Mutations in this gene have been associated with a syndrome (CAMRQ4) characterized by cerebellar ataxia and cognitive disabilities. In addition, a translocation breakpoint within this gene was observed in an individual with neurological dysfunction. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2017]
Catalytic component of a P4-ATPase flippase complex which catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP coupled to the transport of aminophospholipids from the outer to the inner leaflet of various membranes and ensures the maintenance of asymmetric distribution of phospholipids. Phospholipid translocation seems also to be implicated in vesicle formation and in uptake of lipid signaling molecules. Reconstituted to liposomes, the ATP8A2:TMEM30A flippase complex predomiminantly transports phosphatidylserine (PS) and to a lesser extent phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). Proposed to function in the generation and maintenance of phospholipid asymmetry in photoreceptor disk membranes and neuronal axon membranes. May be involved in vesicle trafficking in neuronal cells. Involved in regulation of neurite outgrowth; acting in synergy with TMEM30A. Required for normal visual and auditory function; involved in photoreceptor and inner ear spiral ganglion cell survival.
From NCBI Gene:
- Cerebellar ataxia, mental retardation, and dysequilibrium syndrome 4
Cerebellar ataxia, mental retardation, and dysequilibrium syndrome 4 (CMARQ4): A congenital cerebellar ataxia associated with dysarthia, quadrupedal gait and mental retardation. [MIM:615268]
A chromosomal aberration disrupting ATP8A2 has been found in a patient with severe mental retardation and major hypotonia. Translocation t(10;13)(p12.1;q12.13) (PubMed:20683487).