ATPase H+ transporting V1 subunit A
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a component of vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase), a multisubunit enzyme that mediates acidification of eukaryotic intracellular organelles. V-ATPase dependent organelle acidification is necessary for such intracellular processes as protein sorting, zymogen activation, receptor-mediated endocytosis, and synaptic vesicle proton gradient generation. V-ATPase is composed of a cytosolic V1 domain and a transmembrane V0 domain. The V1 domain consists of three A and three B subunits, two G subunits plus the C, D, E, F, and H subunits. The V1 domain contains the ATP catalytic site. The V0 domain consists of five different subunits: a, c, c', c", and d. Additional isoforms of many of the V1 and V0 subunit proteins are encoded by multiple genes or alternatively spliced transcript variants. This encoded protein is one of two V1 domain A subunit isoforms and is found in all tissues. Transcript variants derived from alternative polyadenylation exist. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Catalytic subunit of the peripheral V1 complex of vacuolar ATPase. V-ATPase vacuolar ATPase is responsible for acidifying a variety of intracellular compartments in eukaryotic cells. In aerobic conditions, involved in intracellular iron homeostasis, thus triggering the activity of Fe(2+) prolyl hydroxylase (PHD) enzymes, and leading to HIF1A hydroxylation and subsequent proteasomal degradation (PubMed:28296633). May play a role in neurite development and synaptic connectivity (PubMed:29668857).
From NCBI Gene:
- Epileptic encephalopathy, infantile or early childhood 3
- Autosomal recessive cutis laxa type 2d
Epileptic encephalopathy, infantile or early childhood, 3 (IECEE3): A form of epileptic encephalopathy, a heterogeneous group of severe childhood onset epilepsies characterized by refractory seizures, neurodevelopmental impairment, and poor prognosis. Development is normal prior to seizure onset, after which cognitive and motor delays become apparent. IECEE3 is an autosomal dominant form characterized by onset of seizures in the first years of life.The severity of the phenotype is highly variable: some patients may be non-verbal and non-ambulatory with spastic quadriparesis and poor eye contact, whereas others have moderate intellectual disability. [MIM:618012]
Cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, 2D (ARCL2D): A form of cutis laxa, a disorder characterized by an excessive congenital skin wrinkling, a large fontanelle with delayed closure, a typical facial appearance with downslanting palpebral fissures, and a general connective tissue weakness. Most ARCL2D patients exhibit severe hypotonia as well as cardiovascular and neurologic involvement. [MIM:617403]