ATP synthase F1 subunit delta
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a subunit of mitochondrial ATP synthase. Mitochondrial ATP synthase catalyzes ATP synthesis, utilizing an electrochemical gradient of protons across the inner membrane during oxidative phosphorylation. ATP synthase is composed of two linked multi-subunit complexes: the soluble catalytic core, F1, and the membrane-spanning component, Fo, comprising the proton channel. The catalytic portion of mitochondrial ATP synthase consists of 5 different subunits (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and epsilon) assembled with a stoichiometry of 3 alpha, 3 beta, and a single representative of the other 3. The proton channel consists of three main subunits (a, b, c). This gene encodes the delta subunit of the catalytic core. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same isoform have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Mitochondrial membrane ATP synthase (F(1)F(0) ATP synthase or Complex V) produces ATP from ADP in the presence of a proton gradient across the membrane which is generated by electron transport complexes of the respiratory chain (PubMed:29478781). F-type ATPases consist of two structural domains, F(1) - containing the extramembraneous catalytic core, and F(0) - containing the membrane proton channel, linked together by a central stalk and a peripheral stalk. During catalysis, ATP turnover in the catalytic domain of F(1) is coupled via a rotary mechanism of the central stalk subunits to proton translocation. Part of the complex F(1) domain and of the central stalk which is part of the complex rotary element. Rotation of the central stalk against the surrounding alpha(3)beta(3) subunits leads to hydrolysis of ATP in three separate catalytic sites on the beta subunits (PubMed:1531933).
From NCBI Gene:
- Mitochondrial complex 5 (ATP synthase) deficiency nuclear type 5
Mitochondrial complex V deficiency, nuclear type 5 (MC5DN5): A mitochondrial disorder characterized by childhood onset of episodic metabolic decompensation featuring lactic acidosis and hyperammonemia accompanied by ketoacidosis or hypoglycemia. Chronic manifestations include developmental delay, easy fatiguability, and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. The transmission pattern of MC5DN5 is consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. [MIM:618120]