ATPase family, AAA domain containing 3A
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a ubiquitously expressed mitochondrial membrane protein that contributes to mitochondrial dynamics, nucleoid organization, protein translation, cell growth, and cholesterol metabolism. This gene is a member of the ATPase family AAA-domain containing 3 gene family which, in humans, includes two other paralogs. Naturally occurring mutations in this gene are associated with distinct neurological syndromes including Harel-Yoon syndrome. High-level expression of this gene is associated with poor survival in breast cancer patients. A homozygous knockout of the orthologous gene in mice results in embryonic lethality at day 7.5 due to growth retardation and defective development of the trophoblast lineage. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2017]
Essential for mitochondrial network organization, mitochondrial metabolism and cell growth at organism and cellular level. May play an important role in mitochondrial protein synthesis. May also participate in mitochondrial DNA replication. May bind to mitochondrial DNA D-loops and contribute to nucleoid stability. Required for enhanced channeling of cholesterol for hormone-dependent steroidogenesis.
From NCBI Gene:
- Harel-Yoon syndrome
Harel-Yoon syndrome (HAYOS): A syndrome characterized by global developmental delay, hypotonia, intellectual disability, and axonal neuropathy. Some patients have optic atrophy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. HAYOS inheritance can be autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive. [MIM:617183]