APC2, WNT signaling pathway regulator
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a strongly conserved protein that has an N-terminal coiled-coil domain followed by an armadillo domain, five 20-amino acid repeats, and two SAMP domains. This protein promotes the assembly of a multiprotein complex that recruits and phosphorylates the Wnt effector beta-catenin and targets beta-catenin for ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation. This protein therefore plays a role in the reduction of cytoplasmic levels of beta-catenin which in turn reduces activation of Wnt target genes that play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of various human cancers. The protein encoded by this gene is closely related to the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor-suppressor protein and has similar tumor-suppressor effects. This gene also plays a role in actin assembly, cell-cell adhesion, and microtubule network formation through its interaction with cytoskeletal proteins. This gene has its highest expression in the central nervous system and is involved in brain development through cytoskeletal regulation in neurons. Alternative splicing produces multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, May 2017]
Stabilizes microtubules and may regulate actin fiber dynamics through the activation of Rho family GTPases (PubMed:25753423). May also function in Wnt signaling by promoting the rapid degradation of CTNNB1 (PubMed:10021369, PubMed:11691822, PubMed:9823329).
From NCBI Gene:
- SOTOS SYNDROME 3
Sotos syndrome 3 (SOTOS3): A form of Sotos syndrome, a childhood overgrowth syndrome characterized by prenatal and postnatal overgrowth, developmental delay, mental retardation, advanced bone age, and abnormal craniofacial morphology. SOTOS3 patients do not have advanced bone age, hypotonia, seizures, or autism. SOTOS3 transmission pattern is consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. [MIM:617169]