ACTL6B gene

actin like 6B

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of a family of actin-related proteins (ARPs) which share significant amino acid sequence identity to conventional actins. Both actins and ARPs have an actin fold, which is an ATP-binding cleft, as a common feature. The ARPs are involved in diverse cellular processes, including vesicular transport, spindle orientation, nuclear migration and chromatin remodeling. This gene encodes a subunit of the BAF (BRG1/brm-associated factor) complex in mammals, which is functionally related to SWI/SNF complex in S. cerevisiae and Drosophila; the latter is thought to facilitate transcriptional activation of specific genes by antagonizing chromatin-mediated transcriptional repression. This subunit may be involved in the regulation of genes by structural modulation of their chromatin, specifically in the brain. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]

From UniProt:

Involved in transcriptional activation and repression of select genes by chromatin remodeling (alteration of DNA-nucleosome topology). Component of SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complexes that carry out key enzymatic activities, changing chromatin structure by altering DNA-histone contacts within a nucleosome in an ATP-dependent manner. Belongs to the neuron-specific chromatin remodeling complex (nBAF complex), as such plays a role in remodeling mononucleosomes in an ATP-dependent fashion, and is required for postmitotic neural development and dendritic outgrowth. During neural development a switch from a stem/progenitor to a postmitotic chromatin remodeling mechanism occurs as neurons exit the cell cycle and become committed to their adult state. The transition from proliferating neural stem/progenitor cells to postmitotic neurons requires a switch in subunit composition of the npBAF and nBAF complexes. As neural progenitors exit mitosis and differentiate into neurons, npBAF complexes which contain ACTL6A/BAF53A and PHF10/BAF45A, are exchanged for homologous alternative ACTL6B/BAF53B and DPF1/BAF45B or DPF3/BAF45C subunits in neuron-specific complexes (nBAF). The npBAF complex is essential for the self-renewal/proliferative capacity of the multipotent neural stem cells. The nBAF complex along with CREST plays a role regulating the activity of genes essential for dendrite growth. ACTL6B/BAF53B is not essential for assembly of the nBAF complex but is required for targeting the complex and CREST to the promoter of genes essential for dendritic growth (By similarity). Essential for neuronal maturation and dendrite development (PubMed:31031012).

From NCBI Gene:

  • INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER WITH SEVERE SPEECH AND AMBULATION DEFECTS
  • EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 76

From UniProt:

Intellectual developmental disorder with severe speech and ambulation defects (IDDSSAD): An autosomal dominant neurodevelopmental disorder with onset in infancy, and characterized by global developmental delay, intellectual disability, ambulation deficits, severe language impairment, and minor dysmorphic features including a wide mouth, diastema, and bulbous nose. Additional manifestations are spasticity, hypotonia and autistic features including stereotypies. Brain imaging show thin corpus callosum, generalized atrophy, and mild periventricular gliosis. [MIM:618470]

Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 76 (EIEE76): A form of epileptic encephalopathy, a heterogeneous group of severe early-onset epilepsies characterized by refractory seizures, neurodevelopmental impairment, and poor prognosis. Development is normal prior to seizure onset, after which cognitive and motor delays become apparent. EIEE76 is an autosomal recessive form that may result in death in childhood. [MIM:618468]

Cytogenetic Location: 7q22.1, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 7 at position 22.1

Molecular Location: base pairs 100,643,097 to 100,656,448 on chromosome 7 (Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20190905, GRCh38.p13) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 7q22.1, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 7 at position 22.1
  • ACTL6
  • arpNalpha
  • BAF53B
  • EIEE76
  • IDDSSAD