ACSL4 gene

acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

The protein encoded by this gene is an isozyme of the long-chain fatty-acid-coenzyme A ligase family. Although differing in substrate specificity, subcellular localization, and tissue distribution, all isozymes of this family convert free long-chain fatty acids into fatty acyl-CoA esters, and thereby play a key role in lipid biosynthesis and fatty acid degradation. This isozyme preferentially utilizes arachidonate as substrate. The absence of this enzyme may contribute to the mental retardation or Alport syndrome. Alternative splicing of this gene generates multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]

From UniProt:

Activation of long-chain fatty acids for both synthesis of cellular lipids, and degradation via beta-oxidation. Preferentially uses arachidonate and eicosapentaenoate as substrates.

From NCBI Gene:

  • Mental retardation 63, X-linked

From UniProt:

Mental retardation, X-linked 63 (MRX63): A disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. Intellectual deficiency is the only primary symptom of non-syndromic X-linked mental retardation, while syndromic mental retardation presents with associated physical, neurological and/or psychiatric manifestations. [MIM:300387]

Alport syndrome with mental retardation, midface hypoplasia and elliptocytosis (ATS-MR): A X-linked contiguous gene deletion syndrome characterized by glomerulonephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, mental retardation, midface hypoplasia and elliptocytosis. [MIM:300194]

Cytogenetic Location: Xq23, which is the long (q) arm of the X chromosome at position 23

Molecular Location: base pairs 109,641,330 to 109,733,403 on the X chromosome (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: Xq23, which is the long (q) arm of the X chromosome at position 23
  • ACS4
  • FACL4
  • LACS4
  • MRX63
  • MRX68