abraxas 1, BRCA1 A complex subunit
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a protein that binds to the C-terminal repeats of breast cancer 1 (BRCA1) through a phospho-SXXF motif. The encoded protein recruits ubiquitin interaction motif containing 1 protein to BRCA1 protein and is required for DNA damage resistance, DNA repair, and cell cycle checkpoint control. Pseudogenes of this gene are found on chromosomes 3 and 8. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2016]
Involved in DNA damage response and double-strand break (DSB) repair. Component of the BRCA1-A complex, acting as a central scaffold protein that assembles the various components of the complex and mediates the recruitment of BRCA1. The BRCA1-A complex specifically recognizes 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitinated histones H2A and H2AX at DNA lesion sites, leading to target the BRCA1-BARD1 heterodimer to sites of DNA damage at DSBs. This complex also possesses deubiquitinase activity that specifically removes 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin on histones H2A and H2AX.
Breast cancer (BC): A common malignancy originating from breast epithelial tissue. Breast neoplasms can be distinguished by their histologic pattern. Invasive ductal carcinoma is by far the most common type. Breast cancer is etiologically and genetically heterogeneous. Important genetic factors have been indicated by familial occurrence and bilateral involvement. Mutations at more than one locus can be involved in different families or even in the same case. [MIM:114480]