ABHD12 gene

abhydrolase domain containing 12

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG), the main endocannabinoid lipid transmitter that acts on cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2. The endocannabinoid system is involved in a wide range of physiological processes, including neurotransmission, mood, appetite, pain appreciation, addiction behavior, and inflammation. Mutations in this gene are associated with the neurodegenerative disease, PHARC (polyneuropathy, hearing loss, ataxia, retinitis pigmentosa, and cataract), resulting from an inborn error of endocannabinoid metabolism. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been noted for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2011]

From UniProt:

Lysophosphatidylserine (LPS) lipase that plays a key role in the central nervous system. Represents a major LPS lipase in the brain (By similarity). May also have a 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) hydrolase activity and act as a regulator of endocannabinoid signaling pathways.

From NCBI Gene:

  • Polyneuropathy, hearing loss, ataxia, retinitis pigmentosa, and cataract

From UniProt:

Polyneuropathy, hearing loss, ataxia, retinitis pigmentosa, and cataract (PHARC): A slowly progressive neurologic disorder with a variable phenotype resembling Refsum disease. Clinical features include sensorineural hearing loss, visual problems related to cataracts, retinitis pigmentosa, pes cavus, ataxic and/or spastic gait disturbances with a progressive sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy. Other features include hyporeflexia, hyperreflexia, extensor plantar responses. [MIM:612674]

Cytogenetic Location: 20p11.21, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 20 at position 11.21

Molecular Location: base pairs 25,294,743 to 25,390,982 on chromosome 20 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 20p11.21, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 20 at position 11.21
  • ABHD12A
  • BEM46L2
  • C20orf22
  • dJ965G21.2
  • PHARC