alpha 1,4-galactosyltransferase (P blood group)
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene catalyzes the transfer of galactose to lactosylceramide to form globotriaosylceramide, which has been identified as the P(k) antigen of the P blood group system. This protein, a type II membrane protein found in the Golgi, is also required for the synthesis of the bacterial verotoxins receptor. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]
Catalyzes the transfer of galactose from UDP-alpha-D-galactose to lactosylceramide/beta-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1<->1)-ceramide(d18:1(4E)) to produce globotriaosylceramide/globoside Gb3Cer (d18:1(4E)) (PubMed:10748143). Also able to transfer galactose to galactosylceramide/beta-D-Gal-(1<->1')-Cer (PubMed:10748143). Globoside Gb3Cer is a glycosphingolipid of the globo serie, one of the major types of neutral root structures of glycosphingolipids, that constitute a significant portion of mammalian cell membranes (Probable). Globotriaosylceramide/globoside Gb3Cer in blood and tissue cell membranes is the antigen Pk of blood histogroup P (PubMed:10747952).
(Microbial infection) Globotriaosylceramide is one of the cellular ligands for bacterial verotoxins.