Gene Names and Symbols

Genetics Home Reference uses standardized gene terminology from the National Center for Biotechnology Information’s NCBI Gene database. This terminology typically includes the official gene name and gene symbol as designated by the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC). Genetics Home Reference italicizes symbols for human genes in accordance with the HGNC Guidelines for Gene Nomenclature.

Genetics Home Reference lists many genes under more than one name or symbol, especially when the same gene is known by different scientific, informal, and historical names. Each gene summary includes a list of additional names and symbols that people may use to refer to the gene.

For more general information about how gene names and symbols are assigned, see How are genetic conditions and genes named?.