Citing Genetics Home Reference

If you are citing a specific page on Genetics Home Reference, the NLM recommends the citation style below, based on Chapter 25, "Web Sites," in Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (2nd edition, 2007).

In the following examples, replace the first date with the "published" date, which is posted at the bottom of every page on Genetics Home Reference. You will also need to replace the date after the word "cited" with the latest date you viewed the information online. The "reviewed" date can be found at the bottom of applicable pages.

  • Home page: National Library of Medicine (US). Genetics Home Reference [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): The Library; 2013 Sep 16 [cited 2013 Sep 19]. Available from: https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/.

  • Condition, gene, or chromosome summary: National Library of Medicine (US). Genetics Home Reference [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): The Library; 2013 Sep 16. Cystic fibrosis; [reviewed 2012 Aug; cited 2013 Sep 19]; [about 6 screens]. Available from: https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/cystic-fibrosis

  • Help Me Understand Genetics page: National Library of Medicine (US). Genetics Home Reference [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): The Library; 2013 Sep 16. What is a cell?; [cited 2013 Sep 19]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/primer/basics/cell

  • Illustration: National Library of Medicine (US). Genetics Home Reference [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): The Library; 2013 Sep 16. [Illustration] Gene therapy using an adenovirus vector; [cited 2013 Sep 19]; [about 1 screen]. Available from: https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/primer/illustrations/therapyvector

Note: The citation format for illustrations applies only to images with the “National Library of Medicine” watermark. Images from other sources should be cited with their original source information.