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Phospholipids

Synonym(s)

  • phosphatide
  • phosphatides
  • phospholipid
  • phospholipid complex
  • phospholipid (substance)

Definition(s)

A lipid (fat) that contains phosphorus. Phospholipids are a major part of cell membranes.

Definition from: NCI via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

Lipids containing one or more phosphate groups, particularly those derived from either glycerol (phosphoglycerides see glycerophosphlipids) or sphingosine (sphingolipids). They are polar lipids that are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids, although not stored in large amounts in the system.

Definition from: MeSH via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

Phosphate-containing lipids that are a major component of all cell membranes. Most phospholipids contain a diglyceride, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule such as choline. Another type of phospholipid is phosphosphingolipids that contain sphingosine instead of glycerol.

Definition from: NCI via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

Any lipid that contains phosphorus, including those with a glycerol backbone or a backbone of sphingosine or related substance; these polar lipids are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids.

Definition from: CRISP Thesaurus via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

See also Understanding Medical Terminology.

 
Published: January 27, 2015