- The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the nervous system.
Definition from: MeSH via Unified Medical Language System at the National Library of Medicine
- A type of cell that receives and sends messages from the body to the brain and back to the body. The messages are sent by a weak electrical current. Also called a nerve cell.
National Cancer Institute
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.