the diploid or normal number of chromosomes in a somatic cell; the number
of chromosomes in a gamete (egg or sperm) cell, which in humans is 23 chromosomes,
one chromosome from each chromosome pair
Definition from: GeneReviews
from the University of Washington and the National Center for Biotechnology Information
- A single set of chromosomes (half the full set of genetic material) present in the egg and sperm cells of animals and in the egg and pollen cells of plants. Human beings have 23 chromosomes in their reproductive cells.
Definition from: Human Genome Project Information
at the U.S. Department of Energy
- Haploid is the quality of a cell or organism having a single set of chromosomes. Organisms that reproduce asexually are haploid. Sexually reproducing organisms are diploid (having two sets of chromosomes, one from each parent). In humans, only their egg and sperm cells are haploid.
Definition from: Talking Glossary of Genetic Terms from the National Human Genome Research Institute
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.