- DNA profiling
- DNA typing
- genetic fingerprinting
- A technique used especially for identification (as for forensic purposes) by extracting and identifying the base-pair pattern of an individual's DNA -- called also DNA typing, genetic fingerprinting.
Definition from: Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary by Merriam-Webster Inc.
- DNA fingerprinting is a laboratory technique used to establish a link between biological evidence and a suspect in a criminal investigation. A DNA sample taken from a crime scene is compared with a DNA sample from a suspect. If the two DNA profiles are a match, then the evidence came from that suspect. Conversely, if the two DNA profiles do not match, then the evidence cannot have come from the suspect. DNA fingerprinting is also used to establish paternity.
Definition from: Talking Glossary of Genetic Terms from the National Human Genome Research Institute
Related discussion in the Handbook
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.