- Hemeproteins whose characteristic mode of action involves transfer of reducing equivalents which are associated with a reversible change in oxidation state of the prosthetic group. Formally, this redox change involves a single-electron, reversible equilibrium between the Fe(II) and Fe(III) states of the central iron atom (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p539). The various cytochrome subclasses are organized by the type of heme and by the wavelength range of their reduced alpha-absorption bands.
Definition from: MeSH via Unified Medical Language System at the National Library of Medicine
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.