DNA or RNA, a sequence of three nucleotides that codes for a certain amino
acid or signals the termination of translation (stop or termination codon)
Definition from: GeneReviews
from the University of Washington and the National Center for Biotechnology Information
- A specific sequence of three consecutive nucleotides that is part of the genetic code and that specifies a particular amino acid in a protein or starts or stops protein synthesis -- called also triplet.
Definition from: Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary by Merriam-Webster Inc.
- A codon is a trinucleotide sequence of DNA or RNA that corresponds to a specific amino acid. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of DNA bases (A, C, G, and T) in a gene and the corresponding protein sequence that it encodes. The cell reads the sequence of the gene in groups of three bases. There are 64 different codons: 61 specify amino acids while the remaining three are used as stop signals.
Definition from: Talking Glossary of Genetic Terms from the National Human Genome Research Institute
Related discussion in the Handbook
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.