- The largest part of the brain. It is divided into two hemispheres, or halves, called the cerebral hemispheres. Areas within the cerebrum control muscle functions and also control speech, thought, emotions, reading, writing, and learning.
National Cancer Institute
- An enlarged anterior or upper part of the brain; especially: the expanded anterior portion of the brain that in higher mammals overlies the rest of the brain, consists of cerebral hemispheres and connecting structures, and is considered to be the seat of conscious mental processes.
Definition from: Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary by Merriam-Webster Inc.
Related discussion in the Handbook
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.