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PDE gene family
Reviewed November 2013
What are the PDE genes?
Genes in the PDE gene family provide instructions for making enzymes called phosphodiesterases. These enzymes regulate the activity of molecules called cyclic nucleotides by breaking them down when they are no longer needed. Cyclic nucleotides are involved in cell signaling, relaying sensory and chemical information to cells. For example, light entering the eye stimulates phosphodiesterases to break down cyclic nucleotides. The reduction of these molecules triggers the transmission of visual information to the brain.
There are at least 21 genes in the PDE gene family, and multiple versions (isoforms) of a phosphodiesterase enzyme can be produced from each gene. It is likely that these isoforms allow the enzymes to respond to a variety of cyclic nucleotide types in many different tissues.
Mutations in PDE genes can interfere with cell signaling in many tissues. PDE gene mutations can cause disorders affecting the brain, heart, muscles, endocrine (hormone) system, or eyes.
Which genes are included in the PDE gene family?
The HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC) provides an index of gene
What conditions are related to genes in the PDE gene family?
Genetics Home Reference includes these conditions related to genes in the PDE gene family:
Where can I find additional information about the PDE gene family?
You may find the following resources about the PDE gene family helpful.
Where can I find general information about genes and gene families?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
What glossary definitions help with understanding the PDE gene family?
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (3 links)