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Reviewed August 2013
What is the official name of the TUBA1A gene?
The official name of this gene is “tubulin, alpha 1a.”
TUBA1A is the gene's official symbol. The TUBA1A gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the TUBA1A gene?
The TUBA1A gene provides instructions for making a protein called alpha-tubulin (α-tubulin). This protein is part of the tubulin family of proteins that form and organize structures called microtubules. Microtubules are rigid, hollow fibers that make up the cell's structural framework (the cytoskeleton). They are composed of α-tubulin and a similar protein called beta-tubulin (β-tubulin) that is produced from a different gene. Microtubules are necessary for cell division and movement.
Most cells produce α-tubulin, but the protein is found in highest amounts in the developing brain. During brain development, α-tubulin partners with β-tubulin to form microtubules that move nerve cells (neurons) to their proper location (neuronal migration). Microtubules form scaffolding within the cell. The tubulin proteins that make up the microtubule are moved from one end of a microtubule to the other end. This protein transfer propels the microtubules in a specific direction, moving the cell.
Does the TUBA1A gene share characteristics with other genes?
The TUBA1A gene belongs to a family of genes called TUB (tubulins).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? in the Handbook.
How are changes in the TUBA1A gene related to health conditions?
Where is the TUBA1A gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 12q13.12
Molecular Location on chromosome 12: base pairs 49,184,795 to 49,189,324
The TUBA1A gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 12 at position 13.12.
More precisely, the TUBA1A gene is located from base pair 49,184,795 to base pair 49,189,324 on chromosome 12.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about TUBA1A?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about TUBA1A helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the TUBA1A gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding TUBA1A?
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (6 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.