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The official name of this gene is “tetratricopeptide repeat domain 37.”
TTC37 is the gene's official symbol. The TTC37 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
The TTC37 gene provides instructions for making a protein whose function has not been confirmed. Based on its similarity to a protein in other organisms, researchers speculate that the TTC37 protein acts as part of a group of proteins called the SKI complex. This complex is thought to be necessary for the function of another large protein complex known as the cytosolic exosome. Within cells, the cytosolic exosome helps to recognize and break down excess or abnormal messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules. mRNA is a chemical cousin of DNA that serves as the genetic blueprint for protein production. Studies suggest that the cytosolic exosome's role in getting rid of excess and abnormal mRNA is important for cell growth.
The TTC37 gene belongs to a family of genes called TTC (tetratricopeptide (TTC) repeat domain containing).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genefamilies) in the Handbook.
At least 25 mutations in the TTC37 gene have been found to cause trichohepatoenteric syndrome, a rare condition that affects many parts of the body. Its major signs and symptoms include chronic diarrhea starting in infancy, hair abnormalities, distinctive facial features, and liver disease. Mutations in this gene likely eliminate the function of the TTC37 protein. Researchers hypothesize that a loss of this protein's function impairs the activity of the SKI complex and the cytosolic exosome. However, it is unknown how these changes could lead to chronic diarrhea and the other features of trichohepatoenteric syndrome.
Cytogenetic Location: 5q15
Molecular Location on chromosome 5: base pairs 95,463,894 to 95,555,004
The TTC37 gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 5 at position 15.
More precisely, the TTC37 gene is located from base pair 95,463,894 to base pair 95,555,004 on chromosome 5.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genelocation) in the Handbook.
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about TTC37 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/naming) in the Handbook.
cell ; chronic ; DNA ; domain ; enteric ; gene ; hepatic ; messenger RNA ; mRNA ; protein ; RNA ; syndrome
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/consult/findingprofessional) in the Handbook.