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Reviewed August 2008
What is the official name of the SLC1A3 gene?
The official name of this gene is “solute carrier family 1 (glial high affinity glutamate transporter), member 3.”
SLC1A3 is the gene's official symbol. The SLC1A3 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the SLC1A3 gene?
The SLC1A3 gene provides instructions for making a protein called excitatory amino acid transporter 1 (EAAT1). EAAT1 transports a molecule called glutamate in the brain. Glutamate is one of several brain chemicals called neurotransmitters, which allow nerve cells (neurons) to communicate with one another. EAAT1 is found throughout the brain, but it is most abundant in the part of the brain that is connected to the spinal cord (the brainstem) and the region of the brain involved in coordinating movements (the cerebellum).
Neurotransmitters (such as glutamate) are released from neurons and relay signals to other cells by attaching to receptor proteins on neighboring neurons. After the neurotransmitters have had their effect, they detach from their receptors and must be cleared from the spaces between neurons. Researchers have determined that EAAT1 is one of several glutamate transporters that clear excess glutamate from these spaces. This process is carefully regulated to ensure that signals are transmitted accurately throughout the nervous system. The timely removal of glutamate is also necessary to prevent a buildup of this neurotransmitter between cells, which would be toxic to neurons.
Does the SLC1A3 gene share characteristics with other genes?
The SLC1A3 gene belongs to a family of genes called SLC (solute carriers).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? in the Handbook.
How are changes in the SLC1A3 gene related to health conditions?
Where is the SLC1A3 gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 5p13
Molecular Location on chromosome 5: base pairs 36,606,354 to 36,688,333
The SLC1A3 gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 5 at position 13.
More precisely, the SLC1A3 gene is located from base pair 36,606,354 to base pair 36,688,333 on chromosome 5.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about SLC1A3?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about SLC1A3 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the SLC1A3 gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding SLC1A3?
amino acid ; arginine ; astrocytes ; ataxia ; brainstem ; carrier ; cerebellum ; gene ; molecule ; mutation ; nervous system ; neurotransmitters ; proline ; protein ; receptor ; sodium ; solute ; toxic
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (7 links)