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The official name of this gene is “ribosomal protein S10.”
RPS10 is the gene's official symbol. The RPS10 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
The RPS10 gene provides instructions for making one of approximately 80 different ribosomal proteins, which are components of cellular structures called ribosomes. Ribosomes process the cell's genetic instructions to create proteins.
Each ribosome is made up of two parts (subunits) called the large and small subunits. The protein produced from the RPS10 gene is among those found in the small subunit.
The specific functions of the RPS10 protein and the other ribosomal proteins within these subunits are unclear. Some ribosomal proteins are involved in the assembly or stability of ribosomes. Others help carry out the ribosome's main function of building new proteins. Studies suggest that some ribosomal proteins may have other functions, such as participating in chemical signaling pathways within the cell, regulating cell division, and controlling the self-destruction of cells (apoptosis).
The RPS10 gene belongs to a family of genes called RPS (S ribosomal proteins).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genefamilies) in the Handbook.
At least three RPS10 gene mutations have been identified in individuals with Diamond-Blackfan anemia. These mutations are believed to result in an abnormally short, nonfunctional RPS10 protein that may impair the assembly of ribosomes, but the specific effects of the mutations are not known. Studies indicate that a shortage of functioning ribosomal proteins may increase the self-destruction of blood-forming cells in the bone marrow, resulting in a low number of red blood cells (anemia). Abnormal regulation of cell division or inappropriate triggering of apoptosis may contribute to the other health problems and unusual physical features that affect some people with Diamond-Blackfan anemia.
Cytogenetic Location: 6p21.31
Molecular Location on chromosome 6: base pairs 34,417,453 to 34,426,124
The RPS10 gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 6 at position 21.31.
More precisely, the RPS10 gene is located from base pair 34,417,453 to base pair 34,426,124 on chromosome 6.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genelocation) in the Handbook.
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about RPS10 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/naming) in the Handbook.
anemia ; apoptosis ; bone marrow ; cell ; cell division ; gene ; protein ; ribosomes ; subunit
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary).
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/consult/findingprofessional) in the Handbook.