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Reviewed July 2011
What is the official name of the QDPR gene?
The official name of this gene is “quinoid dihydropteridine reductase.”
QDPR is the gene's official symbol. The QDPR gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the QDPR gene?
The QDPR gene provides instructions for making an enzyme called quinoid dihydropteridine reductase. This enzyme helps carry out one step in the chemical pathway that recycles a molecule called tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4).
Tetrahydrobiopterin plays a critical role in processing several protein building blocks (amino acids) in the body. For example, it works with the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase to convert an amino acid called phenylalanine into another amino acid, tyrosine. Tetrahydrobiopterin is also involved in reactions that produce chemicals called neurotransmitters, which transmit signals between nerve cells in the brain. Because it helps enzymes carry out chemical reactions, tetrahydrobiopterin is known as a cofactor.
When tetrahydrobiopterin interacts with enzymes during chemical reactions, the cofactor is altered and must be recycled to a usable form. Quinoid dihydropteridine reductase is one of two enzymes that help recycle tetrahydrobiopterin in the body.
Does the QDPR gene share characteristics with other genes?
The QDPR gene belongs to a family of genes called SDR (short chain dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? in the Handbook.
How are changes in the QDPR gene related to health conditions?
Where is the QDPR gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 4p15.31
Molecular Location on chromosome 4: base pairs 17,486,392 to 17,512,233
The QDPR gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 4 at position 15.31.
More precisely, the QDPR gene is located from base pair 17,486,392 to base pair 17,512,233 on chromosome 4.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about QDPR?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about QDPR helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the QDPR gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding QDPR?
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (8 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.