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Reviewed August 2012
What is the official name of the PRPH gene?
The official name of this gene is “peripherin.”
PRPH is the gene's official symbol. The PRPH gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the PRPH gene?
The PRPH gene provides instructions for making a protein called peripherin. Several molecules of peripherin attach (bind) together to form intermediate filaments, which provide support and strength to cells. Intermediate filaments also assist in determining the placement of the nucleus and other specialized structures within the cell. In addition, these filaments appear to relay signals from the cell surface to the nucleus. These signals play a role in regulating cell development and growth.
The intermediate filaments composed of peripherin are found in nerve cells of the peripheral nervous system, which connects the brain and spinal cord to muscles and to cells that detect sensations such as touch, smell, and sound (sensory cells). Additional peripherin is made when nerves are injured, which suggests that it plays a role in the repair of nerve cells. In particular, intermediate filaments made up of peripherin may be involved in the regrowth of axons, the specialized extensions of nerve cells that are essential for the transmission of nerve impulses.
How are changes in the PRPH gene related to health conditions?
Where is the PRPH gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 12q12-q13
Molecular Location on chromosome 12: base pairs 49,295,012 to 49,298,697
The PRPH gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 12 between positions 12 and 13.
More precisely, the PRPH gene is located from base pair 49,295,012 to base pair 49,298,697 on chromosome 12.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about PRPH?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about PRPH helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the PRPH gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding PRPH?
acids ; amino acid ; aspartic acid ; axons ; cell ; DNA ; gene ; intermediate filaments ; mutation ; nervous system ; neurofilament ; nucleotide ; nucleus ; peripheral ; peripheral nervous system ; protein ; sclerosis ; sensory cells ; tyrosine ; wasting
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (6 links)