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Reviewed November 2006
What is the official name of the MYO6 gene?
The official name of this gene is “myosin VI.”
MYO6 is the gene's official symbol. The MYO6 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the MYO6 gene?
The MYO6 gene provides instructions for making a protein called myosin VI, which is part of a group of proteins called unconventional myosins. These proteins, which have similar structures, each play a role in transporting molecules within cells. Myosins interact with actin, a protein that is important for cell movement and shape. Researchers believe that myosins use long filaments of actin as tracks along which to transport other molecules.
Myosin VI is produced in the inner ear as well as in many other cell types. In the inner ear, myosin VI plays a role in the development and maintenance of hairlike projections called stereocilia. Stereocilia, which are rich in actin, line the inner ear and bend in response to sound waves. This bending motion is critical for converting sound waves to nerve impulses, which is an essential process for normal hearing.
Does the MYO6 gene share characteristics with other genes?
The MYO6 gene belongs to a family of genes called myosins (myosins).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? in the Handbook.
How are changes in the MYO6 gene related to health conditions?
Where is the MYO6 gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 6q13
Molecular Location on chromosome 6: base pairs 75,749,176 to 75,919,537
The MYO6 gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 6 at position 13.
More precisely, the MYO6 gene is located from base pair 75,749,176 to base pair 75,919,537 on chromosome 6.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about MYO6?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about MYO6 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the MYO6 gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding MYO6?
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (10 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.