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Reviewed June 2015
What is the official name of the MYH3 gene?
The official name of this gene is “myosin, heavy chain 3, skeletal muscle, embryonic.”
MYH3 is the gene's official symbol. The MYH3 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the MYH3 gene?
The MYH3 gene provides instructions for making a protein called embryonic skeletal muscle myosin heavy chain 3. This protein belongs to a group of proteins called myosins, which are involved in cell movement and transport of materials within and between cells. Thick filaments made of myosin, along with thin filaments of another protein called actin, are the primary components of muscle fibers and are important for muscle tensing (contraction).
Each myosin protein complex consists of two pairs of light chains, which regulate the complex and are produced from several other genes, and two heavy chains such as that produced from the MYH3 gene. The heavy chains each have two parts: a head region and a tail region. The head region interacts with actin and includes a segment that attaches (binds) to ATP. ATP is a molecule that supplies energy for cells' activities, including muscle contraction. The long tail region of the myosin heavy chain interacts with other proteins, including the tail regions of other myosins, enabling them to form thick filaments.
Embryonic skeletal muscle myosin heavy chain 3 forms part of a myosin protein complex that is normally active only before birth and is important for early development of the muscles.
Does the MYH3 gene share characteristics with other genes?
The MYH3 gene belongs to a family of genes called myosins (myosins).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? in the Handbook.
How are changes in the MYH3 gene related to health conditions?
Where is the MYH3 gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 17p13.1
Molecular Location on chromosome 17: base pairs 10,628,526 to 10,679,030
The MYH3 gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 17 at position 13.1.
More precisely, the MYH3 gene is located from base pair 10,628,526 to base pair 10,679,030 on chromosome 17.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about MYH3?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about MYH3 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the MYH3 gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding MYH3?
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (7 links)