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The official name of this gene is “myotubularin 1.”
MTM1 is the gene's official symbol. The MTM1 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
The MTM1 gene provides instructions for producing an enzyme called myotubularin. Myotubularin is thought to be involved in the development and maintenance of muscle cells. This enzyme acts as a phosphatase, which means that it removes clusters of oxygen and phosphorus atoms (phosphate groups) from other molecules. Myotubularin removes phosphate groups from two molecules called phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3,5-biphosphate. These molecules are found within cell membranes and are likely involved in transporting molecules within cells.
The MTM1 gene belongs to a family of genes called PTP (protein tyrosine phosphatases).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genefamilies) in the Handbook.
More than 200 mutations in the MTM1 gene have been found to cause X-linked myotubular myopathy. Some MTM1 gene mutations change one of the protein building blocks (amino acids) in myotubularin, while other mutations result in an abnormally short, nonfunctional enzyme. The MTM1 gene mutations that prevent the production of any functional myotubularin tend to result in a more severe disease. Individuals who are mildly affected tend to have an MTM1 mutation that allows some functional myotubularin to be produced.
Mutations in the MTM1 gene are thought to disrupt myotubularin's role in muscle cell development and maintenance, causing muscle weakness and other signs and symptoms of X-linked myotubular myopathy.
Cytogenetic Location: Xq28
Molecular Location on the X chromosome: base pairs 150,562,657 to 150,673,142
The MTM1 gene is located on the long (q) arm of the X chromosome at position 28.
More precisely, the MTM1 gene is located from base pair 150,562,657 to base pair 150,673,142 on the X chromosome.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genelocation) in the Handbook.
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about MTM1 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/naming) in the Handbook.
acids ; cell ; enzyme ; gene ; muscle cell ; muscle cells ; mutation ; oxygen ; phosphatase ; phosphate ; phosphorus ; protein
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary).
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/consult/findingprofessional) in the Handbook.