A service of the
U.S. National Library of Medicine®
These sources were used to develop the Genetics Home Reference
Brown MD, Starikovskaya E, Derbeneva O, Hosseini S, Allen JC, Mikhailovskaya IE, Sukernik RI, Wallace DC. The role of mtDNA background in disease expression: a new primary LHON mutation associated with Western Eurasian haplogroup J. Hum Genet. 2002 Feb;110(2):130-8. Epub 2002 Jan 24.
Gene Review: Leber Hereditary Optic
Mitchell AL, Elson JL, Howell N, Taylor RW, Turnbull DM. Sequence variation in mitochondrial complex I genes: mutation or polymorphism? J Med Genet. 2006 Feb;43(2):175-9. Epub 2005 Jun 21.
Mroczek-Tońska K, Kisiel B, Piechota J, Bartnik E. Leber hereditary optic neuropathy--a disease with a known molecular basis but a mysterious mechanism of pathology. J Appl Genet. 2003;44(4):529-38. Review.
: August 2006
: July 27, 2015
Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical
U.S. National Library of
National Institutes of
Department of Health & Human
Freedom of Information
Indicates a page outside Genetics Home Reference.
Links to web sites outside the Federal Government do not constitute an endorsement.
Selection Criteria for Web Links
This site complies with the
for trustworthy health information: