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Reviewed September 2008
What is the official name of the MEFV gene?
The official name of this gene is “Mediterranean fever.”
MEFV is the gene's official symbol. The MEFV gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the MEFV gene?
The MEFV gene provides instructions for making a protein called pyrin (also known as marenostrin). Although pyrin's function is not fully understood, it likely assists in keeping the inflammation process under control. Inflammation occurs when the immune system sends signaling molecules and white blood cells to a site of injury or disease to fight microbial invaders and facilitate tissue repair. When this has been accomplished, the body stops the inflammatory response to prevent damage to its own cells and tissues.
Pyrin is produced in certain white blood cells (neutrophils, eosinophils, and monocytes) that play a role in inflammation and in fighting infection. Pyrin may direct the migration of white blood cells to sites of inflammation and stop or slow the inflammatory response when it is no longer needed. Pyrin also interacts with other molecules involved in fighting infection and in the inflammatory response. Research indicates that pyrin helps regulate inflammation by interacting with the cytoskeleton, the structural framework that helps to define the shape, size, and movement of a cell.
Does the MEFV gene share characteristics with other genes?
The MEFV gene belongs to a family of genes called TRIM (tripartite motif-containing).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? in the Handbook.
How are changes in the MEFV gene related to health conditions?
Where is the MEFV gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 16p13.3
Molecular Location on chromosome 16: base pairs 3,242,028 to 3,256,627
The MEFV gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 16 at position 13.3.
More precisely, the MEFV gene is located from base pair 3,242,028 to base pair 3,256,627 on chromosome 16.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about MEFV?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about MEFV helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the MEFV gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding MEFV?
acids ; amino acid ; amyloidosis ; cell ; complication ; cytoskeleton ; DNA ; eosinophils ; familial ; fever ; gene ; immune system ; infection ; inflammation ; injury ; kidney ; methionine ; mutation ; neutrophils ; protein ; tissue ; valine ; white blood cells
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (19 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.