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Reviewed February 2011
What is the official name of the LFNG gene?
The official name of this gene is “LFNG O-fucosylpeptide 3-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase.”
LFNG is the gene's official symbol. The LFNG gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the LFNG gene?
The LFNG gene provides the instructions for a protein that helps control (regulate) the Notch pathway, an important pathway in embryonic development. The Notch pathway plays a critical role in the development of vertebrae. Specifically, the LFNG protein and the Notch pathway are involved in separating future vertebrae from one another during early development, a complex process called somite segmentation. Although the exact mechanism of somite segmentation is unclear, it appears to require the activity of several proteins in the Notch pathway, including the NOTCH1 protein and the LFNG protein, to be turned on and off in a specific pattern (oscillate).
The LFNG protein regulates the activity of the NOTCH1 protein. Using a mechanism called glycosylation in which a group of sugar molecules is attached to a protein, the LFNG protein modifies the NOTCH1 protein as it is being processed. This modification has multiple effects: it alters Notch signaling in response to other proteins called ligands that attach (bind) to the NOTCH1 protein, and it blocks (represses) the activation of the NOTCH1 protein in some regions of the cell.
Does the LFNG gene share characteristics with other genes?
The LFNG gene belongs to a family of genes called B3GT (beta 3-glycosyltransferases).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? in the Handbook.
How are changes in the LFNG gene related to health conditions?
Where is the LFNG gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 7p22.2
Molecular Location on chromosome 7: base pairs 2,512,529 to 2,529,177
The LFNG gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 7 at position 22.2.
More precisely, the LFNG gene is located from base pair 2,512,529 to base pair 2,529,177 on chromosome 7.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about LFNG?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about LFNG helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the LFNG gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding LFNG?
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (9 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.