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Reviewed May 2014
What is the official name of the HPS1 gene?
The official name of this gene is “Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome 1.”
HPS1 is the gene's official symbol. The HPS1 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the HPS1 gene?
The HPS1 gene provides instructions for making a protein that forms part of a complex called biogenesis of lysosome-related organelles complex-3 (BLOC-3). This complex plays a role in the formation of a group of cellular structures called lysosome-related organelles (LROs). In particular, BLOC-3 helps turn on the process by which necessary proteins are transported to LROs during their formation. LROs are very similar to compartments within the cell called lysosomes, which digest and recycle materials. However, LROs perform specialized functions and are found only in certain cell types.
Within pigment-producing cells (melanocytes), LROs called melanosomes produce and distribute melanin, which is the substance that gives skin, hair, and eyes their color. A different type of LRO is found in platelets, the blood cells involved in normal blood clotting. These LROs, called dense granules, release chemical signals that cause platelets to stick together and form a blood clot. LROs are also found in other specialized cells, including certain cells of the lungs.
How are changes in the HPS1 gene related to health conditions?
Where is the HPS1 gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 10q23.1-q23.3
Molecular Location on chromosome 10: base pairs 98,416,197 to 98,446,962
The HPS1 gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 10 between positions 23.1 and 23.3.
More precisely, the HPS1 gene is located from base pair 98,416,197 to base pair 98,446,962 on chromosome 10.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about HPS1?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about HPS1 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the HPS1 gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding HPS1?
albinism ; blood clotting ; cell ; clotting ; DNA ; duplication ; fibrosis ; gene ; guanine ; lysosome ; melanin ; melanocytes ; mutation ; nucleotide ; pigment ; platelets ; protein ; pulmonary ; syndrome
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (11 links)