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Reviewed May 2015
What is the official name of the ENAM gene?
The official name of this gene is “enamelin.”
ENAM is the gene's official symbol. The ENAM gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the ENAM gene?
The ENAM gene provides instructions for making a protein called enamelin, which is essential for normal tooth development. Enamelin is involved in the formation of enamel, which is the hard, white material that forms the protective outer layer of each tooth. Enamel is composed mainly of mineral crystals. These microscopic crystals are arranged in organized bundles that give enamel its strength and durability. Although the exact function of enamelin is not well understood, this protein plays a key role in the formation and growth of crystals in developing enamel.
How are changes in the ENAM gene related to health conditions?
Where is the ENAM gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 4q13.3
Molecular Location on chromosome 4: base pairs 70,628,744 to 70,646,819
(Homo sapiens Annotation Release 107, GRCh38.p2) (
The ENAM gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 4 at position 13.3.
More precisely, the ENAM gene is located from base pair 70,628,744 to base pair 70,646,819 on chromosome 4.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about ENAM?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about ENAM helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the ENAM gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding ENAM?
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (10 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.