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Reviewed February 2009
What is the official name of the CTSA gene?
The official name of this gene is “cathepsin A.”
CTSA is the gene's official symbol. The CTSA gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the CTSA gene?
The CTSA gene provides instructions for making a protein called cathepsin A. Cathepsin A can act as a protease, cutting apart other proteins in order to break them down. Cathepsin A can also act as a protective protein, interacting with other enzymes to prevent them from breaking down prematurely. Based on this protective function, this enzyme is also called protective protein/cathepsin A or PPCA.
Cathepsin A is active in cellular compartments called lysosomes. These compartments contain enzymes that digest and recycle materials when they are no longer needed. Cathepsin A interacts with the enzymes β-galactosidase and neuraminidase 1, which play a role in the breakdown of complexes of sugar molecules (oligosaccharides) attached to certain proteins (glycoproteins) or fats (glycolipids). Cathepsin A forms a complex with these two enzymes and directs their transport within the cell to the lysosomes. Within lysosomes, cathepsin A activates the enzymes and prevents their breakdown.
On the cell surface, cathepsin A forms a complex with neuraminidase 1 and elastin binding protein, forming the elastin binding protein receptor. This receptor complex plays a role in the formation of elastic fibers, which are a component of the connective tissue that forms the body's supportive framework.
Does the CTSA gene share characteristics with other genes?
The CTSA gene belongs to a family of genes called CTS (cathepsins).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? in the Handbook.
How are changes in the CTSA gene related to health conditions?
Where is the CTSA gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 20q13.1
Molecular Location on chromosome 20: base pairs 45,890,951 to 45,898,819
The CTSA gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 20 at position 13.1.
More precisely, the CTSA gene is located from base pair 45,890,951 to base pair 45,898,819 on chromosome 20.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about CTSA?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about CTSA helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the CTSA gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding CTSA?
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (7 links)