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Reviewed February 2011
What is the official name of the CLCNKA gene?
The official name of this gene is “chloride channel, voltage-sensitive Ka.”
CLCNKA is the gene's official symbol. The CLCNKA gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the CLCNKA gene?
The CLCNKA gene belongs to the CLC family of genes, which provide instructions for making chloride channels. These channels, which transport negatively charged chlorine atoms (chloride ions), play a key role in a cell's ability to generate and transmit electrical signals. Some CLC channels regulate the flow of chloride ions across cell membranes, while others transport chloride ions within cells.
The CLCNKA gene provides instructions for making a chloride channel called ClC-Ka. These channels are found predominantly in the kidneys. ClC-Ka is one of several proteins that work together to regulate the movement of ions into and out of kidney cells. The transport of chloride ions by ClC-Ka channels is part of the mechanism by which the kidneys reabsorb salt (sodium chloride or NaCl) from the urine back into the bloodstream. The retention of salt affects the body's fluid levels and helps maintain blood pressure.
ClC-Ka channels are also located in the inner ear, where they play a role in normal hearing.
Does the CLCNKA gene share characteristics with other genes?
The CLCNKA gene belongs to a family of genes called CLCN (chloride channels, voltage-sensitive).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? in the Handbook.
How are changes in the CLCNKA gene related to health conditions?
Where is the CLCNKA gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 1p36
Molecular Location on chromosome 1: base pairs 16,021,990 to 16,034,049
The CLCNKA gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 1 at position 36.
More precisely, the CLCNKA gene is located from base pair 16,021,990 to base pair 16,034,049 on chromosome 1.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about CLCNKA?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about CLCNKA helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the CLCNKA gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding CLCNKA?
cell ; channel ; chloride ; chloride channels ; constipation ; dehydration ; failure to thrive ; gene ; hypertension ; ions ; kb ; kidney ; NaCl ; polyuria ; protein ; sensorineural ; sodium ; sodium chloride ; syndrome ; voltage ; wasting
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (6 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.