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Reviewed September 2013
What is the official name of the B3GALTL gene?
The official name of this gene is “beta 1,3-galactosyltransferase-like.”
B3GALTL is the gene's official symbol. The B3GALTL gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the B3GALTL gene?
The B3GALTL gene provides instructions for making an enzyme called beta-1,3-glucosyltransferase (B3Glc-T), which is involved in the complex process of adding sugar molecules to proteins (glycosylation). Glycosylation modifies proteins so they can perform a wider variety of functions. The B3Glc-T enzyme is involved in a two-step glycosylation pathway that results in the formation of a sugar structure, made up of the sugars fucose and glucose, on a specific location of several different proteins. The B3Glc-T enzyme is responsible for the second step, which adds a glucose molecule to the fucose molecule already attached to the protein. The B3GALTL gene is normally turned on (active) in most cells of the body, which suggests that the B3Glc-T enzyme plays an important role across many cell types.
Does the B3GALTL gene share characteristics with other genes?
The B3GALTL gene belongs to a family of genes called B3GT (beta 3-glycosyltransferases).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? in the Handbook.
How are changes in the B3GALTL gene related to health conditions?
Where is the B3GALTL gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 13q12.3
Molecular Location on chromosome 13: base pairs 31,199,974 to 31,332,275
The B3GALTL gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 13 at position 12.3.
More precisely, the B3GALTL gene is located from base pair 31,199,974 to base pair 31,332,275 on chromosome 13.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about B3GALTL?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about B3GALTL helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the B3GALTL gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding B3GALTL?
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (7 links)