|A service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine®|
On this page:
Reviewed February 2007
What is the official name of the ATP7B gene?
The official name of this gene is “ATPase, Cu++ transporting, beta polypeptide.”
ATP7B is the gene's official symbol. The ATP7B gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the ATP7B gene?
The ATP7B gene provides instructions for making a protein called copper-transporting ATPase 2. This protein is part of the P-type ATPase family, a group of proteins that transport metals into and out of cells by using energy stored in the molecule adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Copper-transporting ATPase 2 is found primarily in the liver, with smaller amounts in the kidneys and brain. It plays a role in the transport of copper from the liver to other parts of the body. Copper is an important part of certain enzymes that maintain normal cell functions. Copper-transporting ATPase 2 is also important for the removal of excess copper from the body.
Within liver cells, copper-transporting ATPase 2 is found in a structure called the Golgi apparatus, which modifies newly produced enzymes and other proteins. Here, copper-transporting ATPase 2 supplies copper to a protein called ceruloplasmin, which transports copper to other parts of the body via the blood. If copper levels in the liver get too high, copper-transporting ATPase 2 leaves the Golgi and transfers copper to small sacs (vesicles) for elimination through bile. Bile is a substance produced by the liver that is important for digestion and the removal of waste products.
Does the ATP7B gene share characteristics with other genes?
The ATP7B gene belongs to a family of genes called ATP (ATPases).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? in the Handbook.
How are changes in the ATP7B gene related to health conditions?
Where is the ATP7B gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 13q14.3
Molecular Location on chromosome 13: base pairs 51,891,085 to 52,012,098
The ATP7B gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 13 at position 14.3.
More precisely, the ATP7B gene is located from base pair 51,891,085 to base pair 52,012,098 on chromosome 13.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about ATP7B?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about ATP7B helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the ATP7B gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding ATP7B?
acids ; adenosine triphosphate ; amino acid ; arginine ; aspartic acid ; ATP ; bile ; cell ; digestion ; DNA ; gene ; glutamine ; Golgi apparatus ; histidine ; leucine ; molecule ; mutation ; population ; protein ; serine ; substitution ; toxic
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (8 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.