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Reviewed April 2007
What is the official name of the AHCY gene?
The official name of this gene is “adenosylhomocysteinase.”
AHCY is the gene's official symbol. The AHCY gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the AHCY gene?
The AHCY gene provides instructions for producing the enzyme S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase. This enzyme is involved in a multistep process that breaks down the protein building block (amino acid) methionine. Specifically, S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase controls the step that converts the compound S-adenosylhomocysteine to the compounds adenosine and homocysteine. This reaction also plays an important role in regulating the addition of methyl groups, consisting of one carbon atom and three hydrogen atoms, to other compounds (methylation). Methylation is important in many cellular processes. These include determining whether the instructions in a particular segment of DNA are carried out, regulating reactions involving proteins and lipids, and controlling the processing of chemicals that relay signals in the nervous system (neurotransmitters).
How are changes in the AHCY gene related to health conditions?
Where is the AHCY gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 20q11.22
Molecular Location on chromosome 20: base pairs 34,234,840 to 34,311,976
The AHCY gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 20 at position 11.22.
More precisely, the AHCY gene is located from base pair 34,234,840 to base pair 34,311,976 on chromosome 20.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about AHCY?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about AHCY helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the AHCY gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding AHCY?
alanine ; amino acid ; atom ; compound ; cysteine ; DNA ; enzyme ; gene ; hydrolase ; methionine ; methyl ; methylation ; mutation ; nervous system ; neurotransmitters ; protein ; tryptophan ; tyrosine ; valine
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (8 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.